A Text Book of Tractor at a Glance
ABOUT THE BOOK: Encouraged by the popularity of author's books among the other candidates appearing in varoius competitive examination and continuous demand from them for bringing out a text book on "Tractor Power", prompted him to take up this project. The subject matter this book is comprehensive, rigorous & yet very simple. Even an average student will find no difficulty in understanding the various concepts.
AUTHOR: Sanjay Kumar | ISBN: 9788181891853 | YEAR: 2007 | PAGES: 510 | SIZE: 18.5 x 24 x 2 cm. | BINDING: Soft | LANGUAGE: English
ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Er. Sanjay Kumar, M. Tech., is currently in service in the Department of Farm Power and Renewable Energy, College of Agriculture Engineering, Rajendra Agricultural, University, Pusa, Distt. Samastipur. He has written a couple of books for the students Agricultural Engineering and his technical papers and articles have been published in popular Journals and magazines.
1. FARM POWER IN INDIA AND TRACTOR DEVELOPMENT
Introduction, sources of Power, Nature of the Power, Other sources of Power, introduction of Development of Tractor, Internation Tractor Development, Tractor Development in India, Classification of Tractor, variations in Tractor in Various countries, system of Tractor, Technical terms, Functions of Farm Tractor, Subjective Questions Multiple Choice Type Questions, Fill in the Blanks.
2. BASIC MECHANICS
Displacement, Velocity, Speed, Acceleration, Equations of Motion with Uniform Acceleration, Force, Moment, Momentum, Torque, Work, Power, Energy, Principle of conservation of Energy, Impulse and Impulsive Force Solved Problems, Numerical Problems, Subjective Questions, Multiple Choice Questions, Fill in the blanks.
3. THERMODYNAMIC PRINCIPLES AND CYCLES OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE.
Gas Laws, Relationship between Absolute Temperature and Calceous Temperatures, Standard Conditions, Numerical Values of Gas Constant, Thermodynamic process, Graphical Representation of Four Basic Thermodynamic Process, Heat, Law of Mixtures, Specific Heat, Molar Heat, Poison Ratio, Internal Energy, Heat Enthalby, First Law of Thermodynamics, Some Useful Formulae Based upon First Law of Thermodynamics, General or Polytropic changes, Introduction of Thermodynaic cycles, otto cycle, Diesel cycle, Dual cycle, Solved Problems, Numerical Problems, Subjective Questions, Multiple choice Questions, Fill in the blanks.
4. POWER UNIT AND MULTICYLINDER ENGINE
Power unit, Internal Combustion Engine, Classification of Internal Combustion Engine, Two Stroke Engine, Four Stroke Engine, Differences between 2-stroke and 4-stroke single Cylinder Engine, Advantage of 2-strokes Engine Over 4-Stroke Engine, Disadvantage of 2-stroke Engine over 4-stroke Engine, Petrol Engine, Diesel, Engine, Differences between Petrol and Diesel Engine, Introduction of Multi Cylinder Engine, Classification of Engine on the Basic of Clylinder Arrangement, Classification of Engine on the Basis of Value Arrangement, Firing order, Firing Interval, Power Balances and Firing order of a Four-stroke Engine, Differences between 4- stroke large single-cylinder Engine, Subjective Questions, Multiples Choice Questions, Fill in the Blanks.
5. ENGINE PARTS AND THEIR KINEMATICS
Introduction, Crank Case, cylinder liner, Gookets, Cylinder Head, Combustion Chamber, Classification of Combustion Chamber, Differences between open and Divided Combustion Chambers, Intake and Exhaust Parts, Aircleaner, Muffler, Crank Shaft, Piston, Piston Crank Kinematics, piston Pins, Piston Rings, connecting Rod, Kinematics of Connecting Rod, Fly wheel, Kinematics of Flywheel, Cam Shaft, Cam shaft Drive, Cam, Terminology Related to Radial Cam, Valve, Valve Tappet Clearance, Valve operating Mechanism, Face Angle Requirement of Exhaust-valve Material, Valve Cooling, Valve Timing, Valve Location, Solved Problems, Numerical Problems, Subjective Questions, Multiple Choice Questions, Fill in the Blanks.
6. TERMINOLOGY AND POWER MEASUREMENT
Bore and Stroke, Piston Displacement, Displacement Volume, Piston Speed, Break Mean Effective Pressure, Compression Ratio, Power, Mean Effective Pressure, Volumetric Efficiency, Mechanical Efficiency, Thermal Efficiency, Scavenge Efficiency, Relative Efficiency, Torque Morse Test, Torque, Power Measurement, Classification of Dynamometer, Classification of Absorption Dynamometer, Torsion Dynamometer, Drawbar Dynamometer, Solved Problems, Numerical Problems, Subjective Questions, Multiple Choice, Questions, Fill in the Blanks.
7. FUEL COMBUSTION AND FUEL SYSTEM OF I.C. ENGINE
Fuel, Petroleum, Chemical Composition of Petroleum, Origin of Petroleum, Refining of Petroleum, Products of Petroleum, Quality of Gasoline, Octane Number, Influence of Structure of the hydrocarbon on the octane Rating, Antiknocking Compounds, Cetane Number, Quality of Fuel, Terminology Related to Fuel and Combustion, Empirical and Molecular Formula, Combustion, Energy, Solar Energy, Nuclear Energy, Biomass, Fuel injection System, Fuel injection system in Diesel Engine, Velocity of Fuel Discharge, Fuel Injection System in Petrol Engine, Carburetion system, Mixture Strength Required, Classification of Carburetor on the Basis of Direction of Air Flow, Air Flow, Appropriate Expression for the Air Flow, Fuel Flow, Super Charged, solvled Problems, Numerical Problems, Subjective Questions, Multiple Choice Questions, Fill in the Blanks.
8. IGNITION SYSTEM OF I.C. ENGINE
Introduction, Requirement of an Efficient Ignition System, Classification of Ignition System, Campression Ignition System, Electric Spark Ignittion System, Classification of S.I. System on the Basis of Source of Electric Power, Description of Components of Battery Ignition System, Magnet Ignition, System, Subjective Questions, Multiple Choice, Question, Fill in the Blanks.
9. COOLING SYSTEM OF I.C. ENGINE
Purposes of Engine Cooling System, Cooling System, Factor Affecting Rate of Cooling, Law of Rate of cooling, Classification of Cooling System, on the Basis of Coolant used, Quantity of Air Requirement in Air Cooling System, Advantage of Air cooling, Water cooling system, components of water Cooling system, Anti freezer, Solved Problems, Numerical Problems, Subjective Questions, Multiple Choice Questions, Fill in the Blanks.
10. LUBRICANTS AND LUBRICATION OF I.C. ENGINE
Intruduction, Factors Affecting the Amount of Friction, Classification of Lubricants, Properties of Lubricants, Lubricating Oil Tests, Lubrication System, Components of Lubricating System, Crank Case Dilution, and Crank Case Ventilation, Oil Coolers, Trouble in Lubrication System, Numerical Problem,s Subjective Questions, Multiple Choice Questions, Fill in the Blanks.
11. GOVERNING SYSTEM OF I.C. ENGINE
Introduction, Governor, Diesel Engine Governor, Classification of Diesel Engine Governor, Classification of Governing System, Classification of Throttle Sytstem of Governors, Hunting, Effort and Power of Governor, controlling force, Controlling Force Diagram for Spring Control Governors, Solved Problems, Numerical Problems, Subjective Questions, Multiple Choice Questions, Fill up the Blanks.
12. FRONT AXLE, STEERING AND DIFFERENTIAL
Introduction, Classification of Front Axle, Kinematics of Front Axle, Bearing Loads on Front Axle, steering Geometry, Steering System, Terms Related to Steering Mechanism, Wheel Wobble, Turning circle Radius Analytical Solution, Power Steering, Solved Problems, Numerical Problem, Subjective Questions, Multiple Choice Questions, Fill in the Blanks.
13. WHEEL AND TYRES
Brief History, Pneumatic wheels, Tyres, Aspect Ratio, Tyre Specification and Ply Rating, Inflation Pressure and IT's Effect, Factors Affecting the Tyre Performance and Life, Tyre Economy, Tube, Tube Vulcanization, Ballasting, Subjective Questions, Multiple Choice, Questions, Fill in the Blanks.
Introduction, Terminology related to Traction, Traction Theory, Tractive Force Made Available by the Engine at the Ground Contact, Pulling Force Developed by Tractor, Determination of Thrust Force, Determination of Maximum value of Shearing force for various levels of Vertical Loading, Area under Tyre, Determination of Rolling Resistance, cone index, Wismer's Methed to Predict Pull and Efficiency, Tyre Tractive Efficiency, Traction Aids; Effect of Inflations Presures and Ballasting on the Tractive Performance of a Tractor, Relationship between Draw bar Load and Wheel Slip, Solved Problems, Numerical Problems, Subjective Questions, Multiple Choice Questions, Fill up the Blanks.
15. MECHANICS OF TRACTOR
Mechanics of Rear Wheel Driven Tractor, Mechanics of Grade and Non-Parallel Pull Driven Tractor, Turning of Tractor at High Speed, Centre of Gravity, Weight Transfer, solved Problems, Numerical problems, Subjective Questions, Multiple Choice Questions, Fill up the Blanks.
16. HYDRAULIC SYSTEM, CONTROLS AND HITCHING OF IMPLEMENTS
Introduction, Working Principle of Hydraulic System, Advantages of Hydraulic System, working of Hydraulic System, Components of Hydraulic Circuit, Implement Control, Draft Sensing, Automatic Control, Lines, Hoes, and Internal Passages, Hydraulic diameter, Power of Steering Pumps, Hitching of Implements, Terminology Related to Hitching, Way of Hitching, Weight Transfer, Three Point Hitch, Free Link Operation of Three Point Hitches, Restrained Link Operation of of Three Point Hitch, Hitching of Semi-Mounted Implements, Hitching of Tractor implements.
17. TRANSMISSION AND DRIVE TRAINS
Intruoduction, Clutch, Principle of Clutch, Classification of clutch, Clutch Facings, Classification of clutch, Facing on the basis of Their Manufacturing, Clutch Facing Materials, clutch Linkage, Clutch Plate, Important Parts of Clutch Housing-Pressure Plate Assembly, Gear Box, Resistance to a vehicle in Motion, Classification of Gear, Components of Drive Train, Classification of Transmission, Fluid Coupling, differential, Differential Lock, Final Drive, Torque Converter, Solved Problems, Numerical Problems, Subjective Questions, Multiple Choice Questions, Fill up the Blanks.
Introduction, Principle of Braking, Braking Efficiency, Stopping Distance, Braking Effect, Faxing of Brake, Classificationof Brake, Mechanical Brake, Comparison between Disc Brake and Drum Brake, Hydraulic Brake, Braking of vehicle (Tractor), Subjective Questions, Multiple Choice Questions, Fill up the Blanks
19. COSTS ESTIMATION OF TRACTOR & SELECTION
Introduction, Fixed costs, Variable Costs Factor Affecting Selection of a Tractor, Solved Problems, Numerical Problems, Do You Know & Multiple Choice Question, Fill up the Blanks.
20. TRACTOR TESTING AND PERFORMANCE
Introduction, Test Facility in India, Testing Stations, Nature of Test Report, Batch Testing, Types of Test, Power Test, Ergonomical Test, Miscellaneous Test, Subjective Questions, Multiple Choice Questions, Fill in the Blanks.
21. POWER TILLER
Introduction, Components of Power Tiller, Power Transmission of Power Tiller, Transmission of Power Brake System of Power Tiller, Steering System of Power Tiller, Traction units, Rotary Unit, Rotary Tynes, Arrangments of Tyres, Steering Clutch Lever, Matching commercially Available Equipment, Constrains in Adoption of Power Tiller Technology, Differences between Tractor and Power Tiler, Subjective Questions, Multiples Choice Questions, Fill up the Blanks.
Introduction, Ergnomic Design of Equipment and Work Method, Physical Environment and Productive Wears, Safety measures, Education, Summery.
APPENDIX A: Technical Detalis of Different Tractor
APPENDIX B : Repair Maintenance and Storage of Tractor
APPENDIX C : Standard Graphical Symbols
APPENDIX D : Convesion Factors
APPENDIX E : Unit and Dimensions